Environment Friendly House Designs
How to make Environment Friendly Houses and Sustainable Green Building House Designs?
There are various ideas and also misconceptions regarding Environment Friendly House Designs or Green Building Houses. Many people believe that it is very difficult to design such houses and many others do not have any clue, as to why we need them in the first place.
Let’s directly jump into the topic of How we can Design Environment Friendly Houses and keep the debate about why we need it, and the best ways forward for our next article.
Steps Required to Design and Construct Environment Friendly Houses:
Step 1: The House Design:
Design of a Green Building House should be such that it consumes the least amount of energy and creates least amount of waste. This may sound difficult, but its very easy to do, lets start by Designing the House as per the Weather Condition, so that the house requires minimal amount of Heating or Cooling to keep the living conditions inside the house, very comfortable. So, if you are in the climate that needs to keep the house cool during summers, ensuring proper protection via trees or shades or even cavity wall construction, using insulation, etc. may help in keeping the house cool. In-case you are in the climate that needs to keep the house warm during winters, ensuring large windows on the sunny sides, even sky lights, bay windows, etc. will help in bringing the warmth naturally, apart from that proper insulation will help in minimal heat dissipation.
The Concept of Green Building can be used for minimizing the waste that is created in the house, mostly by use of toilet. Re-using the water for gardening or other purposes after treatment is one way of wasting the precious resource. Rain Water harvesting, collecting rain water, low flow and dual flush toilets, segregating the Grey water and soiled water, etc are few of the methods that can be employed in reducing the waste. Using kitchen waste for composting pits, helps in recharging the soil around us. Avoiding Tubs in the bathroom is one such way to reduce water consumption in the house.
In hot and temperate climates, the houses should be designed with large overhangs to avoid sun light during the hot summer season, windows can be placed accordingly to ensure proper ventilation and yet keep the heat out. Use of water bodies and high ceilings help in providing natural cooling effects.
In India, Houses should be designed with these basic principles:
- Keep the North and East free with large windows.
- Keep the toilets and staircases in the South and West
- Keep a water body for evaporative cooling
- Plant big shady trees on the South and Western sides
- Have the Kitchen in the South East so that the main areas of the house are in the North and East
- Balconies should be in the East and North
- Large overhang
s and shade should be provided on the South and East side
- Using Cavity Wall or Insulation on the South and East wall will help in reducing heat transfer
Step2: The Mechanical Help:
Using the latest technology, we can help in conserving energy, such as using Energy Star appliances, Solar Panels as alternative source of Energy, Solar Water Heaters, Bio-Filters, LED lights, etc. can greatly help in reducing the consumption of energy.
Using Solar Panels on the Southern and Western sides are best for Indian use.
Step 3: The Construction & Materials:
This step is something which most of the people forget about, but is the most important of all factors in having an Environment Friendly House. Choosing materials that are locally available and which causes the least damage to the nature is the first step towards a Green Building House. Certain construction materials consume large energy to manufacture, hence the use of such materials is not Sustainable and good for nature. Steel and Cement and certain types of flooring, etc. are High Energy Consuming material and should be used minimally. So, in effect, an Environment Friendly House has to start by choosing the right materials.
Paint & Flooring should be Zero or no VOC, Energy Efficient Glass for windows and doors, light colored exterior walls, roofing if flat can be painted with light colored or tiled using clay tiles are some of the ways, building material will help in the construction of Environment Friendly House.
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